Value in Health. 2020; 23(9):1235–1245, 12-08-2020

Parallel Valuation of the EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L by Time Trade-Off in Hungary

Rencz F, Brodszky V, Gulacsi L, Golicki D, Ruzsa G, Pickard S, Law E, Pentek M


OBJECTIVES The wording of the Hungarian EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L descriptive systems differ a great deal. This study aimed to (1) develop EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L value sets for Hungary from a common sample, and (2) compare how level wording affected valuations. METHODS In 2018 to 2019, 1000 respondents, representative of the Hungarian general population, completed composite time trade-off tasks. Pooled heteroscedastic Tobit models were used to estimate value sets. Value set characteristics, single-level transition utilities from adjacent corner health states, and mean transition utilities for all possible health states were compared between the EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L. RESULTS Health utilities ranged from -0.865 to 1 for the EQ-5D-3L and -0.848 to 1 for the EQ-5D-5L. The relative importance of the 5 EQ-5D-5L dimensions was as follows: mobility, pain/discomfort, self-care, anxiety/depression, and usual activities. A similar preference ranking was observed for the EQ-5D-3L with self-care being more important than pain/discomfort. The EQ-5D-5L demonstrated lower ceiling effects (range of utilities for the mildest states: 0.900-0.958 [3L] vs 0.955-0.965 [5L]) and better consistency of mean transition utilities across the range of scale. Changing “confined to bed” (3L) to “unable to walk” (5L) had a large positive impact on utilities. Smaller changes with more negative wording in the other dimensions (eg, “very much anxious/feeling down a lot” [3L] vs “extremely anxious/depressed” [5L]) had a modest negative impact on utilities. CONCLUSION This study developed value sets of the EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L for Hungary. Our findings contribute to the understanding of how the wording of descriptive systems affects the estimates of utilities.

EQ-5D, EQ-5D-3L, EQ-5D-5L,value set , valuation,composite time trade-off, QALY, Europe